Kayexalate Intake (in Sorbitol) and Jejunal Diverticulitis, a Causative Role or an Innocent Bystander?Pusztaszeri M.a · Christodoulou M.b · Proietti S.c · Seelentag W.a
Departments of aPathology, bSurgery and cRadiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland
Institute of Pathology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV)
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CH–1011 Lausanne (Switzerland)
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Small intestine diverticulosis is a rare entity that is asymptomatic in the majority of cases. However, it may cause serious complications, such as infection, hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction and diverticulitis. Kayexalate (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) in sorbitol has been associated with colonic necrosis and less frequently with upper gastrointestinal injuries in a subset of uremic patients treated for hyperkalemia. We report a case of jejunal diverticulosis with mucosal injury and diverticulitis in a uremic patient treated with Kayexalate and discuss the potential role of Kayexalate in the pathogenesis of diverticulitis.
© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
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