Metabolic Trafficking in Energy Metabolism
NMR Spectroscopic Studies of 13C Acetate and 13C Glucose Metabolism in Neocortical Astrocytes: Evidence for Mitochondrial HeterogeneitySonnewald U.a · Westergaard N.b · Hassel B.d · Müller T.B.a,c · Unsgård G.c · Fonnum F.d · Hertz L.e · Schousboe A.b · Petersen S.B.a,f
a MR-Center, SINTEF UNIMED, Trondheim, Norway; b Pharma Biotec Research Center, Department of Biological Sciences, Royal Danish School of Pharmacy, Copenhagen, Denmark; c University of Trondheim, Department of Neurosurgery Trondheim, Norway; d Defence Research Institute, Division for Environmental Toxicology, Kjeller, Norway; e University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada f Department of Biotechnology, NTH, Trondheim, Norway
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Neocortical astrocytes were incubated with 13C-labeled substrates to determine metabolic pathways. 13C NMR spectroscopy was used to analyze 13C incorporation into glutamine and citrate from the different precursors – [1-13C]glucose or [2-13C]acetate. When glucose was the labeling substrate, incorporation due to pyruvate carboxylation should be observed in the C-2 position in glutamine and the C-4 position in citrate. A large incorporation due to pyruvate carboxylation was observed in glutamine in the C-2 and C-3 positions, but not in citrate. When acetate was the precursor, the labeling ratios in the C-2/C-4 positions in glutamine and in the equivalent positions in citrate were 0.27 and 0.11, respectively. Moreover, acetate labeled lactate in the C-2 position much less than did glucose. Altogether, these observations led to the conclusion that glutamine precursors and citrate are either produced in different types of astrocytes or in different tricarboxylic acid cycles, situated in functionally different mitochondria in the same cell, and that in all likelihood pyruvate carboxylase is expressed differently in these mitochondria.
© 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.