SUMATRIPTAN – From Molecule to Man
Preclinical Studies on the Anti-Migraine Drug, SumatriptanHumphrey P.P.A. · Feniuk W. · Marriott A.S. · Tanner R.J.N. · Jackson M.R. · Tucker M.L.
Research and Development Divisions, Glaxo Group Research Ltd, Ware UK
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Sumatriptan is believed to constrict selectively the cranial vessels that are distended and inflamed during migraine. The action is mediated by activation of a 5-HT1 receptor subtype which has been shown in animals to be localized in cranial vessels. Further studies to elaborate sumatriptan’s precise clinical mode of action have focused on the human meningeal circulation and should lead to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of migraine. Administering [14C]sumatriptan, drug-related material was shown to be well absorbed. Following absorption there was some first-pass metabolism resulting in oral bioavailabilities of 37, 58 and 23% in rat, dog and rabbit, respectively. In all species, circulating sumatriptan was cleared rapidly by metabolic and renal clearance with a half-life of 1–2 h. The indoleacetic acid metabolite is the primary metabolic product; however, rats, mice and rabbits also N-demethylate the methylaminosulphonylmethyl side-chain. The passage of sumatriptan and its metabolites across the blood-brain barrier appeared to be very limited, although some drug could be detected in the cerebrospinal fluid after administration of high intravenous doses. Safety studies in various animal species showed that sumatriptan produced few adverse pharmacodynamic effects when administered acutely, except at high doses, although it was less well tolerated in dogs. No findings of toxicological significance were observed in rats and dogs after chronic dosing for 1 year or more. The highest doses used in both acute and chronic toxicology studies were limited by behavioural effects but there were no pathological changes. In rats and rabbits sumatriptan had no adverse effects on reproduction and there was no evidence of genotoxicity. Long-term exposure did not induce any treatment-related increase in the incidence of tumours in mice or rats.
© 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.