Nation-Wide Collaborative Study on the Long-Term Effects of Bromocriptine in the Treatment of Parkinsonian Patients: Final Report
Final ReportNakanishi T.a · Iwata M.b · Goto I.c · Kanazawa I.b · Kowa H.d · Mannen T.e · Mizuno Y.f · Nishitani H.g · Ogawa N.h · Takahashi A.i · Tashiroi K.j · Tohgi H.k · Yanagisawa N.l
aMishuku Hospital bUniversity of Tokyo cKyushu University dKitazato University East Hospital eMitsui Memorial Hospital fJuntendo University gNational Utano Hospital hOkayama University iNagoya University jHokkaido University kIwate Medical University lShinshu University, Japan
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Final results of the 5-year multicentric collaborative study on the long-term effects of bromocriptine in the patients with Parkinson’s disease are reported. This prospective study started in May 1985 in order to see whether the early combination therapy with bromocriptine and levodopa is really superior to the levodopa monotherapy with regard to the late side effects of levodopa in the treatment of parkinsonian patients. Another project of the study was to see the therapeutic efficacy of bromocriptine monotherapy without concomitant use of levodopa. For these purposes, a total of 702 patients with Parkinson’s disease were enrolled into three groups: Group 1 (n = 286) with bromocriptine monotherapy, Group 2A (n = 216) with early combination of bromocriptine and levodopa, and Group 2B (n = 200) with levodopa alone. At the end of the 5-year study, 48 patients in Group 1 (16.8%) were still continuing bromocriptine monotherapy with satisfactorily good therapeutic effects. About half (49.1 %) of the Group 2A patients remained on the combined therapy, and the comparable number of the Group 2B patients (46.0%) were also kept on the initial mode of therapy, while 13.5% of the latter group with levodopa monotherapy needed bromocriptine to be added in order to assure the good therapeutic effects. Moreover, significant differences were seen between group 2A and Group 2B with regard to the incidence of wearing-off phenomenon and dyskinesias. Disappearance rate of dyskinesias which were present at the time of enrollment was significantly higher in Group 2A than in Group 2B. No significant difference was noted as to the incidence of untoward symptoms and the death rate among all three therapeutic groups. These results support the view that the early combination of bromocriptine with levodopa is superior to levodopa alone in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
© 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel
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