Anaerobic Biodegradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Pathways and ProspectsFoght J.
Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton Alta., Canada
Biological Sciences, University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alta. T6G 2E9 (Canada)
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Aromatic hydrocarbons contaminate many environments worldwide, and their removal often relies on microbial bioremediation. Whereas aerobic biodegradation has been well studied for decades, anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation is a nascent field undergoing rapid shifts in concept and scope. This review presents known metabolic pathways used by microbes to degrade aromatic hydrocarbons using various terminal electron acceptors; an outline of the few catabolic genes and enzymes currently characterized; and speculation about current and potential applications for anaerobic degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons.
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