Lifestyle Factors Associated with BMI in a Spanish Graduate Population: The SUN StudyAlcácera M.A.a · Marques-Lopes I.a · Fajó-Pascual M.a · Puzo J.a · Blas Pérez J.a · Bes-Rastrollo M.b,c · Martínez-González M.A.b
a Faculty of Health Sciences and Sports, University of Zaragoza, Huesca, bDepartment of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Clinica Universitaria-Medical School, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain c Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MS, USA
Dr. Iva Marques Lopes, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud y del Deporte, Universidad de Zaragoza, Plaza Universidad 3, 22002 – Huesca, Spain, Tel. +34 974 2393-91, Fax -92, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: Lifestyle factors
Do you have an account?
Objective: To study the association between BMI and lifestyle factors such as alcohol consumption, smoking habits, education level and marital status in a Spanish graduate population. Method: Cross-sectional analysis of 8,706 participants (3,643 men and 5,063 women) from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Study, an ongoing dynamic cohort study in Spain. Data on body weight, height and sociodemographic characteristics, and lifestyle habits were collected with self-administered validated questionnaires. Results: Among older participants (above sex-specific median age), educational level was a factor independently associated with BMI. University graduates with a lower educational level (3-year college degree or 5-year university degree) had a significantly higher BMI than those with doctorate which requires, at least, 8 years of university studies in Spain. Mean BMI was significantly higher among past smokers than among never smokers. Alcohol consumption, marital and smoking status were associated with BMI only among men. Conclusion: In a study whose members were all university graduates, several factors were independently associated with a higher BMI, such as less years of higher education, past smoking, marital status and higher alcohol consumption.
© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.