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Relationship between Theory of Mind and Executive Function in Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review

Pickup G.J.

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Sub-Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK

Corresponding Author

Dr. G.J. Pickup

Sub-Department of Clinical Health Psychology

University College London, Gower Street

London WC1E 6BT (UK)

Tel. +44 207 679 1844, Fax +44 207 916 1989, E-Mail g.pickup@ucl.ac.uk

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Psychopathology 2008;41:206–213

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Background: There is good agreement that Theory of Mind (ToM) and executive function are impaired to some degree in many patients with schizophrenia. However, few studies have set out to investigate as a primary aim the relationship between these 2 cognitive domains in the disorder. Methods: A systematic review was carried out to identify all published studies in which tests of ToM and executive function were administered to individuals with schizophrenia, and in which the relation between scores was reported. Results: The review revealed 17 relevant studies, of which 8 reported the relation between ToM and executive function using multivariate statistics. These all concurred in showing that ToM ability continued to predict an individual having schizophrenia (rather than being a control participant) once executive function was controlled for. Conclusions: There is very good agreement that ToM and executive function impairments in schizophrenia are independent of one another. Implications are discussed for the putative brain systems involved in the disorder and for its cognitive rehabilitation.

© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review

Received: January 08, 2007
Accepted: October 07, 2007
Published online: April 11, 2008
Issue release date: May 2008

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

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