Primate Reproductive Aging
Cross-Taxon PerspectivesEditor(s): Atsalis S. (Chicago, Ill.)
Margulis S.W. (Chicago, Ill.)
Hof P.R. (New York, N.Y.)
Reproduction and Aging in Marmosets and TamarinsTardif S.a · Araujo A.b · Arruda M.b · French J.c · Sousa M.b · Yamamoto M.b
aUniversity of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Tex., USA, b Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil, cUniversity of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebr., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
This chapter presents data on the relations between reproduction and aging in both captive and freeranging marmosets and tamarins. The relationship is examined from two perspectives. First, the relation of age to physiological impairments in reproductive function is explored. Callitrichid females, in common with many other nonhuman primates, begin to display anovulation associated with follicular depletion at a point relatively close to the maximum life span. Unlike Old World primates, however, they continued to display significant steroidogenic activity in the ovary. There are age effects on some reproductive output variables, such as litter size and inter-birth interval, though the effects are often small. Like other mammals, male marmosets display a change in levels of androgens with age, although the magnitude of the decrease is not large and they actually mount an elevated response to GnRH challenge as they age. We also examined whether age affects either the establishment or maintenance of a breeding position, the factors most important in determining lifetime reproductive success. Infant mortality did increase with increasing parturitions, suggesting that there may have been aging or parturition effects on lactation. Generally, marmoset females were well past the age of sexual maturity at the beginning of the tenure and approaching 8-9 years at the end of it. Reproductive decline did not appear to be a gradual process, but a rather abrupt one, often causing the dismantling of the group. There are potentially interesting relations among maternal age, mass and declining reproductive performance, given the known importance of mass as a determinant of reproductive success in female callitrichids.
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.