Human Milk: Nutritional Aspects of a Dynamic FoodPicciano M.F.
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
The composition and volume of human milk progressively changes with the onset and duration of lactation and can be influenced by maternal nutritional factors. Current evidence indicates that infant demand is the major determinant of the quantity of milk transferred to the nursing infant. Human milk is remarkable for its variability, and ranges of intakes of milk constituents are comparable with normal patterns of infant growth and development. Lipids are by far the most variable constituents in human milk with both long-term maternal nutrition states and daily intake capable of exerting an influence. Maternal vitamin intake bears a strong relationship to milk content, and appropriate intakes of vitamins D and K may not always be furnished to nursing infants. Major and trace minerals in human milk are not greatly affected by maternal diet, with selenium and iodine being notable exceptions. Compartmentalization and molecular forms of the trace elements in human milk are associated with high infant bioavailability. The success of lactation should be measured using maternal and infant indices of nutritional adequacy.
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.