Production and Perception of Temporal Patterns in Native and Non-Native SpeechBent T.a · Bradlow A.R.b · Smith B.L.c
aDepartment of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind., bNorthwestern University, Evanston, Ill., and cUniversity of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
Tessa Bent, Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, 200 S. Jordan Ave., Bloomington, IN 47405 (USA), Tel. +1 812 855 4202, Fax +1 812 855 5531, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
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Two experiments examined production and perception of English temporal patterns by native and non-native participants. Experiment 1 indicated that native and non-native (L1 = Chinese) talkers differed significantly in their production of one English duration pattern (i.e., vowel lengthening before voiced versus voice-less consonants) but not another (i.e., tense versus lax vowels). Experiment 2 tested native and non-native listener identification of words that differed in voicing of the final consonant by the native and non-native talkers whose productions were substantially different in experiment 1. Results indicated that differences in native and non-native intelligibility may be partially explained by temporal pat-tern differences in vowel duration although other cues such as presence of stop releases and burst duration may also contribute. Additionally, speech intelligibility depends on shared phonetic knowledge between talkers and listeners rather than only on accuracy relative to idealized production norms.
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