Co-Localization of Epithelial Sodium Channels and Glutamate Receptors in Single Taste CellsLin W.a,b · Kinnamon S.C.a,b
aDepartment of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo., and bRocky Mountain Taste and Smell Center, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colo., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Umami taste is elicited by monosodium glutamate (MSG), a compound consisting of two potent taste stimuli, Na+ and glutamate. In rat fungiform taste cells, amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channels (ENaCs) mediate Na+ transduction, while glutamate is transduced by a combination of ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. We used giga-seal whole-cell recording to determine if responses to glutamate and Na+ occur in the same taste cells. Approximately 68% of the cells tested responded to amiloride, indicating that they express functional ENaCs. Responses to glutamate occurred in about 58% of the cells tested. Interestingly, responses to glutamate occurred in the subset of cells that also responded to amiloride, indicating that glutamate receptors are located preferentially in the same taste cells that also express ENaCs. Further experiments showed that amiloride did not suppress responses to glutamate under voltage-clamp conditions. Taken together, the data suggest that although ENaCs are not involved directly in glutamate transduction, their co-localization with glutamate receptors provides a substrate for the cellular integration of these independent pathways.
© 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.