Role of Bradykinin in Anaphylactoid Reactions during Hemodialysis with AN69 DialyzersSchaefer R.M.a · Fink E.b · Schaefer L.a · Barkhausen R.a · Kulzer P.a · Heidland A.a
aDepartment of Nephrology, University of Würzburg; bDepartment of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Munich, FRG
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In vitro experiments have related anaphylactoid reactions in patients treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors during dialysis with AN69 membranes to excessive bradykinin generation using this negatively charged dialysis membrane. In the present clinical trial plasma bradykinin levels were followed during the early phase of dialysis in 10 patients, not being treated with ACE inhibitors, using AN69, cuprophane, and polysulfone membranes. Bradykinin was measured after extraction by radioimmunoassay. During this study one episode of anaphylaxis occurred during dialysis with the AN69 membrane. Blood samples were collected during the first 5 min of the adverse reaction and showed a more than 100-fold increase in the venous effluent of the AN69 dialyzer (baseline 40 ± 3 vs. 4,900 ± 130 fmol/ml after 5 min). Even though none of the patients received ACE inhibitors, there were 4 more asymptomatic individuals who displayed a more than two-fold increase in their plasma bradykinin concentrations in the venous effluent of the AN69 dialyzer. When these patients were treated either with cuprophane or with polysulfone dialyzers, no significant bradykinin formation was detected, nor were there any adverse events. Taken together, these findings show that anaphylactoid reactions with the AN69 membrane are due to excessive bradykinin generation which even may occur in the absence of ACE inhibitors.
© 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel
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