Original Research Article
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition in Dementia with Lewy Bodies: Results of a Prospective Pilot TrialQuerfurth H.W. · Allam G.J. · Geffroy M.A. · Schiff H.B. · Kaplan R.F.
Departments of Neurology at St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center and New England Medical Center, Tufts University, Boston, Mass., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Objective: Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second commonest form of dementia. The response to acetylcholinesterase inhibition (AChEI) could be greater in DLB than in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) because cholineacetyl-transferase levels are more reduced in the former. This preliminary trial seeks to compare performances in cognitive tasks before and after tacrine administration in DLB and AD subjects. Methods: Six DLB and 6 AD patients were enrolled in an open, nonrandomized, intervention trial using 80 mg/day tacrine. Patients met ADRDA or DLB consortium criteria for probable diseases. Subjects were matched for Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score, age and sex. Mattis Dementia Rating Scale (DRS), Controlled Oral Word Association Test (FAS) and Boston Naming tests were administered at baseline and at 6 months into treatment. Results: AD and DLB groups did not differ in initial mean total DRS scores. In the primary analysis, both groups declined during the course of treatment (–7.3 ± 4.2 and –16.8 ± 39.2 DRS points, respectively). Due to the large variability in DLB posttreatment scores, this group was divided post hoc into responders (DLBr) and nonresponders (DLBnr). The DLBr group outperformed the DLBnr group at baseline (p < 0.05) and, notably, in follow-up DRS test scores (p < 0.001). Two-way MANOVA comparing both DLB subgroups with either the entire AD cohort or similarly stratified AD subgroups showed a significant interaction (F = 7.6; p < 0.015), attributed mostly to declines in DLBnr group scores (p < 0.01). Surprisingly, on DRS memory subscale and FAS tests, there were significant improvements in DLBr scores (p < 0.02). A baseline MMSE (or DRS memory) score ≥15 predicted a positive response to tacrine in DLB. Acceleration of parkinsonism occurred in all DLB subjects. Conclusion: Results from a primary analysis of the therapeutic effect of 80 mg/day tacrine in DLB and AD were negative. However, post hoc analysis showed that mild to moderate DLB responds favorably to AChEI relative to AD through stabilization of global cognitive decline and improvements in specific cognitive areas. These results could be useful in the planning of a more definitive study.
© 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.