Astrocyte-Neuron Metabolic Pathways
Localized in vivo 13C-NMR of Glutamate Metabolism in the Human Brain: Initial Results at 4 TeslaGruetter R. · Seaquist E.R. · Kim S. · Ugurbil K.
Departments of Radiology, Medicine, Psychiatry and Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Using optimized administration of 13C-labeled glucose, the time course of the specific activity of glucose was measured directly by in vivo 13C-NMR in the human brain at 4 Tesla. Subsequent label incorporation was measured at the C2, C3 and C4 positions of both glutamate and the well-resolved C2, C3 and C4 resonances of glutamine and at the C2 and C3 positions of aspartate. GABA was clearly observed for the first time in vivo, suggesting a substantial GABA turnover in the normal human visual cortex. Likewise, lactate C3 labeled with an estimated active pool size on the order of 0.5 mM. A model of cerebral glutamate metabolism is proposed which predicts that glutamatergic action (‘neurotransmission’), pyruvate carboxylase flux, TCA cycle activity, glucose consumption and exchange across the mitochondrial membrane can be assessed simultaneously in the human brain.
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.