ATP-Binding Cassette C Transporters in Human Pancreatic Carcinoma Cell Lines
Hagmann W.a · Jesenofsky R.a · Faissner R.a · Guo C.a · Löhr J.M.a, b
Upregulation in 5-Fluorouracil-Resistant Cells
aClinical Cooperation Unit of Molecular Gastroenterology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany; bDepartment of Surgical Gastroenterology, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Background: Pancreatic cancer is characterized by high resistance to chemotherapy. Such chemoresistance can be mediated by multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and MDR1 P-glycoprotein. However, the contribution of individual MRP isoforms to chemoresistance in pancreatic carcinoma is unclear. We studied ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter expression in human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines as compared to primary pancreatic duct cells, and analyzed the MRP expression profile in 5-fluorouracil-resistant cells. Methods: Transporter expression was analyzed by quantitative and qualitative RT-PCR, by immunoblot, and chemoresistance by cytotoxicity assay. Results: Primary pancreatic duct cells expressed MRP1, MRP3, MRP4, and MRP5, but not MRP2 mRNA. The established carcinoma cell lines expressed MRP1, MRP4, and MRP5, most of them also MRP2, MRP3, MRP7, and BCRP, but none contained detectable amounts of MRP6, MRP8, or MRP9 mRNA. Immunoblot analyses demonstrated presence of MRP1, MRP4, and MRP5 protein in all, but MRP3 and BCRP protein only in some of these cells. Compared to parental Capan-1 cells, Capan-1 cells with acquired chemoresistance towards 5-fluorouracil showed an upregulated mRNA and protein expression of MRP3, MRP4, and MRP5. In addition, silencing of MRP5 by RNA interference resulted in enhanced sensitivity of parental Capan-1 cells towards 5-fluorouracil cytotoxicity. Conclusion: MRP3, MRP4, and MRP5 are upregulated in 5-fluorouracil-resistant cells, and MRP5 contributes to 5-FU resistance in pancreatic carcinoma cells.
© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel and IAP
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.