Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.



Login with Facebook

Forgot your password?

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login
(Shibboleth or Open Athens)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Original Paper

Combination Ultrafiltration and 6 MUrea Treatment of Human Growth Hormone Effectively Minimizes Risk from Potential Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Virus Contamination

Pocchiari M.a · Peano S.b · Conz A.b · Eshkol A.c · Maillard F.d · Brown P.e · Gibbs, Jr. C.J.e · Xi Y.G.f · Tenham-Fisher E.g · Macchi G.g

Author affiliations

aDipartimento di Biologia, Università di Lecce, Italia; bIntituto di Ricerche Biomediche ‘Antoine Marxer’, RBM, Ivrea, Torino, Italia; cAres-Serono, Geneva, Switzerland; dLaboratoire Serono, Aubonne, Switzerland; eLaboratory of CNS Studies, NINDS, NIH, Bethesda, Md., USA; fIntituto di Patologia Generale, Università Cattolica, Roma, Italia; gtituto di Neurologia, Università Cattolica, Roma, Italia

Related Articles for ""

Horm Res 1991;35:161–166

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information












By signing up for MyKarger you will automatically participate in our year-End raffle.
If you Then Do Not wish To participate, please uncheck the following box.

Yes, I wish To participate In the year-End raffle And Get the chance To win some Of our most interesting books, And other attractive prizes.


I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information












By signing up for MyKarger you will automatically participate in our year-End raffle.
If you Then Do Not wish To participate, please uncheck the following box.

Yes, I wish To participate In the year-End raffle And Get the chance To win some Of our most interesting books, And other attractive prizes.


I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 38.00 *
EUR 35.00 *
USD 39.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: September 27, 1990
Accepted: February 26, 1991
Published online: December 02, 2008
Issue release date: 1991

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1663-2818 (Print)
eISSN: 1663-2826 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/HRP

Abstract

Although genetically engineered human growth hormone (hGH) is now commercially available, native pituitary-derived hGH is still used by physicians in many countries for the treatment of hormone deficiency states. We describe a method using ultrafiltration and 6 M urea that reduced infectivity in human pituitary tissue that had been deliberately contaminated with scrapie virus (an animal analogue of human Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease virus) from an initial level of 109.7 infectious units to just 5 infectious units. Based on estimates of the frequency of contamination and infectivity levels in batches of human pituitaries, the use of this protocol to prepare GH from cadaveric human glands yields a calculated probability of exposure to a contaminated vial of not greater than 1 in 3.2 million recipients; therefore, native hormone prepared by this method may be considered to be essentially risk-free. The same methodology may be useful in the preparation of other hormones, such as prolactin, for which no synthetic substitutes are currently available, as well as biological products derived from sheep or cattle, that may be infected with scrapie or bovine spongiform encephalopathy.

© 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: September 27, 1990
Accepted: February 26, 1991
Published online: December 02, 2008
Issue release date: 1991

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1663-2818 (Print)
eISSN: 1663-2826 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/HRP


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.