Workshop II Obesity in Childhood
Mechanisms of Appetite Control and their Abnormalities in Obese PatientsBlundell J.E. · Lawton C.L. · Hill A.J.
BioPsychology Group, University of Leeds, UK
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Human appetite is a complex mixture of physiological and psychological phenomena which include feelings of hunger, total energy intake, ingestion of particular nutrients, distribution and sizes of meals and snacks, specific cravings and food preferences. These phenomena can be assembled into a profile of motivation and a pattern of eating which represents the way in which appetite fluctuates over time. The satiety cascade shows the processes through which nutrition exerts effects on the biological system and, therefore, on feelings and behaviour. Within the biological system, the control of appetite involves post-ingestive mechanisms, including signals arising from the gastrointestinal tract and the release of hormones when food is processed. Post-absorptive mechanisms include the detection of important products of digestion, such as glucose and amino acids, together with the nature of the fuel mix oxidized and other metabolic variables. In obese patients, evidence points to a defect in the control of fat intake. In these people, dietary fat exerts only a weak action on satiation and satiety; it fails to generate strong responses in the mechanisms of the satiety cascade. An imbalance between fat intake and oxidation favours weight gain. A consideration of the psychobiological system (interactions between behaviour, peripheral physiology and neurochemical profiles) suggests strategies for treating or preventing the development of weight gain in vulnerable individuals.
© 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.