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Research Report

Relative Contributions of Holiday Location and Nationality to Changes in Recreational Drug Taking Behaviour: A Natural Experiment in the Balearic Islands

Bellis M.A.a · Hughes K.a · Calafat A.b · Juan M.b · Schnitzer S.c

Author affiliations

aCentre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK; bEuropean Institute of Studies on Prevention (IREFREA), Palma de Mallorca, Spain; cSPI Forschung, Berlin, Germany

Related Articles for ""

Eur Addict Res 2009;15:78–86

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Published online: January 10, 2009
Issue release date: March 2009

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR

Abstract

Aim: To examine the contributions of international holiday resorts and visitors’ nationality to recruitment, relapse into, and escalation in frequency of recreational drug use. Methods: Retrospective design surveying British, German and Spanish (n = 3,003) holidaymakers aged 16–35 visiting Ibiza or Majorca (Spain). Results: Individuals’ drug use in international resorts was related to use at home, holiday destination and nationality. While visiting Ibiza, 7.2% of British tourists tried ecstasy for the first time with similar recruitment amongst Spanish (8.6%) but not Germans (1.8%) or those visiting Majorca (0.8, 1.5 and 1.2%, respectively). Recruitment into cocaine use was associated with being Spanish, male, visiting Ibiza and drunkenness. One in 5 British holidaymakers visiting Ibiza tried at least one new drug. British and Spanish were most likely to relapse into using a drug after at least 12 months’ abstinence; 6.8% of British (1.3% German, 2.9% Spanish) relapsed into using at least one drug. Across nationalities, substance use frequency increased on holiday. Conclusions: International nightlife resorts are major sources of recruitment, relapse and escalation in drug use. Such resorts contribute to the international spread of drug cultures but have been largely ignored as settings for interventions to tackle drugs.

© 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Published online: January 10, 2009
Issue release date: March 2009

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.