Acute Stroke Management: Brain Protection and Reperfusion
Relevance of Stroke Code, Stroke Unit and Stroke Networks in Organization of Acute Stroke Care – The Madrid Acute Stroke Care ProgramAlonso de Leciñana-Cases M.a · Gil-Núñez A.b · Díez-Tejedor E.c
Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology,aRamón y Cajal University Hospital, bGregorio Marañón University Hospital, and cLa Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
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Stroke is a neurological emergency. The early administration of specific treatment improves the prognosis of the patients. Emergency care systems with early warning for the hospital regarding patients who are candidates for this treatment (stroke code) increases the number of patients treated. Currently, reperfusion via thrombolysis for ischemic stroke and attention in stroke units are the bases of treatment. Healthcare professionals and health provision authorities need to work together to organize systems that ensure continuous quality care for the patients during the whole process of their disease. To implement this, there needs to be an appropriate analysis of the requirements and resources with the objective of their adjustment for efficient use. It is necessary to provide adequate information and continuous training for all professionals who are involved in stroke care, including primary care physicians, extrahospital emergency teams and all physicians involved in the care of stroke patients within the hospital. The neurologist has the function of coordinating the protocols of intrahospital care. These organizational plans should also take into account the process beyond the acute phase, to ensure the appropriate application of measures of secondary prevention, rehabilitation, and chronic care of the patients that remain in a dependent state. We describe here the stroke care program in the Community of Madrid (Spain).
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