Original Research Article
Rapid Progression from Mild Cognitive Impairment to Alzheimer’s Disease in Subjects with Elevated Levels of Tau in Cerebrospinal Fluid and the APOE ε4/ε4 GenotypeBlom E.S.a · Giedraitis V.a · Zetterberg H.b · Fukumoto H.c · Blennow K.b · Hyman B.T.c · Irizarry M.C.c · Wahlund L.-O.d · Lannfelt L.a · Ingelsson M.a
aSection of Molecular Geriatrics, Department of Public Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, bDepartment of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Mölndal, Sweden; cAlzheimer’s Disease Research Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital-East, Charlestown, Mass., USA; dDepartment of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Background/Aims: Increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau, decreased CSF amyloid-β42 (Aβ42) and the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) ε4 allele predict progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Here, we investigated these markers to assess their predictive value and influence on the rate of disease progression. Methods: Using ELISA, we measured the CSF biomarkers in 47 AD patients, 58 patients with MCI and 35 healthy control subjects. Twenty-eight MCI patients revisited the clinic and half of them progressed to AD during a period of 3–12 years. Results: The expected changes in CSF total (T)-tau, phosphorylated (P)-tau and Aβ42 levels were found in AD, confirming the diagnostic value of these biomarkers. We were also able to corroborate an increased risk for progression from MCI to AD with elevated CSF T-tau and P-tau and with the presence of the APOE ε4/ε4 genotype, but not with decreased Aβ42. Finally, for the first time we demonstrated that MCI subjects with high CSF T-tau or P-tau and APOE ε4 homozygosity progressed faster from MCI to AD. Conclusions: CSF T-tau and P-tau as well as the APOE ε4/ε4 genotype are robust predictors of AD and are also associated with a more rapid progression from MCI to AD.
© 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.