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Review Article

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Weight, Dietary Behavior, and Physical Activity in Childhood and Adolescence: Implications for Adult Cancer Risk

Fuemmeler B.F.a · Pendzich M.K.a · Tercyak K.P.b

Author affiliations

a Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, b Departments of Oncology and Pediatrics, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington DC, USA

Corresponding Author

Dr. Kenneth Tercyak, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3300 Whitehaven Street, NW, Suite 4100, Washington, DC 20007 USA, Tel. +1 202 687-0802, Fax -8444, E-mail tercyakk@georgetown.edu

Related Articles for ""

Obes Facts 2009;3:179–186

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Abstract

Lifestyle factors related to energy balance, including weight, dietary behavior and physical activity, are as-sociated with cancer risk. The period of childhood and growth into adolescence and early adulthood may re-present a ‘cumulative risk’ for later adult-onset cancers. We review a number of epidemiologic studies that have examined associations among childhood and adolescent body size, diet, and physical activity with adult cancer risk. These studies suggest that unhealthy behaviors that develop early in life and persist over time may increase the risk of some cancer types, such as premenopausal breast, ovarian, endometrial, colon and renal cancer, adversely affect cancer-related morbidities, and increase mortality. Continued research is needed to further determine and refine how timing and degree of such exposures in early childhood and adolescence relate to adult cancer risk. Presently, sufficient evidence suggests a continued need for stronger primary prevention in cancer and obesity research via modified lifestyle behaviors earlier in the developmental spectrum, i.e. during childhood and adolescence.

© 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article

Published online: June 04, 2009
Issue release date: July 2009

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1662-4025 (Print)
eISSN: 1662-4033 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/OFA


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