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Detection, Assessment, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Caries

Editor(s): Pitts N. (Dundee) 
Cover

Dentition and Lesion History

Eggertsson H. · Ferreira-Zandona A.

Author affiliations

Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, Ind., USA

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Pitts NB (ed): Detection, Assessment, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Caries. Monogr Oral Sci. Basel, Karger, 2009, vol 21, pp 102–112

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: June 03, 2009
Cover Date: 2009

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9184-3 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9185-0 (Online)

Abstract

Dental caries is a process that typically keeps recurring throughout life, and the consequences are too often seen as irreversible damage to the dentition. At various stages of life, different parts of the dentition are affected, and the effects continue to be seen in the dentition long after the events took place. They bear witness to previous occurrences of this process throughout the lifetime of an individual. This chapter reviews the linkage between the caries process and the dental caries lesion history of the human dentition. The prevalence and distribution of the caries burden are very variable and closely tied to cultural aspects. In the primary dentition, income and education have been found to be inversely associated with: (1) any early childhood caries and (2) the maxillary incisor caries pattern. A positive association between these caries patterns and minority ethnicity/race status was also identified. These patterns are different from those of the permanent dentition. Well-documented changes in caries prevalence have been observed throughout history, most closely tied to availability and amount of refined sugar consumed. Changes in caries rates are also well documented in the 20th century, mainly with the advent of fluoride in several forms, first as a steep decline and recently as being relatively unchanged. It is likely that there will be dramatic changes in the rates and distribution of dental caries in the future, due to changes in behavioural factors and therapeutic measures. The description drawn is based on the dental caries pattern experienced in modern western societies.

© 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: June 03, 2009
Cover Date: 2009

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9184-3 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9185-0 (Online)


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.