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Clinical Section

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Fall Incidence in a Population of Elderly Persons in Nigeria

Bekibele C.O.b · Gureje O.a

Author affiliations

Departments of aPsychiatry, and bOphthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Corresponding Author

C.O. Bekibele, MD, MSc

Department of Ophthalmology

College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital Ibadan

Ibadan, Oyo (Nigeria)

Tel. +234 8033 233 564, Fax +234 2241 3545, E-Mail cob150@yahoo.com

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Gerontology 2010;56:278–283

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Abstract

Background: Falls are a common public health problem amongst the elderly in many communities. There is a need for information on the causes as well as the impact of this preventable risk on health among the elderly in sub-Saharan Africa. Objective: To examine the prevalence and factors associated with falls among a population of elderly persons in Nigeria. Methods: A multi-stage stratified sampling of households was implemented to select persons aged 65 years and older in the south-western and north-central parts of Nigeria (n = 2,096). Respondents were asked about the occurrence, number, and consequences of falls in the previous 12 months. They were also assessed for the presence of vision impairment, chronic pain and medical conditions. Results: Falls were reported by 23% (n = 482) of the sample. Females (24.0%) were more likely than males (17.9%) to report falls. Respondents with chronic pain conditions, especially those with arthritis, and those with insomnia were at increased risk for falls. Among fallers, females were more likely than males to sustain injuries, including fractures (45.0 vs. 30.1%; p = 0.001). Persons with near vision impairment were less prone to serious falls with injuries than those with no visual impairment (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Falls are an important health problem among elderly Nigerians. A fall prevention program must have a particular focus on females, those with chronic pain conditions and those experiencing insomnia.

© 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Received: February 04, 2009
Accepted: May 19, 2009
Published online: September 05, 2009
Issue release date: April 2010

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/GER


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