Chiari Drop Attacks: Surgical Decompression and the Role of Tilt Table TestingStraus D.a · Foster K.a · Zimmerman F.b · Frim D.c
aPritzker School of Medicine and Sections of bPediatric Cardiology and cNeurosurgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Background: Chiari I malformation (CM1) is characterized by impaired CSF flow through the foramen magnum. Dysfunctional autonomic cardiovascular regulation may result in syncope. Syncope may be the primary presenting symptom of CM1: a syndrome termed Chiari drop attack. It has been postulated that Chiari drop attack is secondary to dysautonomia caused by hindbrain compression. There has been recent debate regarding the association between CM1, dysautonomia and Chiari drop attack. Methods: We selected patients with Chiari drop attacks who had negative workups for cardiac syncope, followed by tilt table testing and subsequent surgical decompression. We report test results and clinical outcomes following CM1 decompression. Results: Ten patients met the inclusion criteria: 5 patients had positive and 5 negative tilt table tests. Following decompression, 7 had symptomatic improvement or resolution and 3 failed to improve. The sensitivity and specificity of the tilt table test for detecting clinical improvement with surgical decompression was 43 and 33%, respectively. Tilt table testing had 40% accuracy in predicting clinical response to decompression. Conclusions: In this short series, surgical decompression of CM1 has a high success rate (70%) for patients with Chiari drop attacks. Tilt table testing has poor predictive value in judging the clinical response to surgical decompression and is not a useful test to guide surgical decision- making.
© 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.