Main Editor: J. Mendlewicz (Brussels)
The Effects of Psychological Stress on Leukocyte Subset Distribution in Humans: Evidence of Immune ActivationMaes M.a,b · van Bockstaele D.R.c · Gastel A.a · Song C.a,d · Schotte C.a · Neels H.e · DeMeester I.f · Scharpe S.f · Janca A.g
aUniversity Department of Psychiatry, AZ Stuivenberg, Antwerp, Belgium, bDepartment of Psychiatry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., USA, cDepartment of Hematology, University Hospital of Antwerp, Belgium, dLife Sciences Research Center, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, eLaboratories of Clinical Biology, OCMW Hospitals, Antwerp, and fDepartment of Medical Biochemistry, University of Antwerp, Belgium, gDivision of Mental Health and Prevention of Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of academic examination stress on leukocyte subset distribution in university students. Thirty-eight university students had repeated blood collections for white blood cell differentiation and flow cytometric assay of lymphocytic subsets a few weeks before and after (i.e. two baseline conditions) as well as the day before a difficult academic examination (i.e. stress condition). Flow cytometry was used to determine the number of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). In students, who were reactors to psychological stress (criterion based on changes in the Perceived Stress Scale, PSS), but not in stress non-reactors, a significant increase in the number of neutrophils, monocytes, CD8+, CD2+CD26+, and CD2+HLA-DR+ T cells and CD19+ B cells, and significant reductions in the CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio were observed in the stress condition. There were significant and positive relationships between the stress-induced changes in perceived stress (PSS scale) and number of leukocytes, neutrophils, CD2+, CD2+CD26+ and CD2+HLADR+ T cells, and CD19+ B cells. There were significant and negative relationships between the stress-induced changes in the CD4+/CD8+ ratio and the stress-induced changes in the PSS scale. Female students taking oral contraceptives showed significantly higher stress-induced responses in number of leukocytes, neutrophils and CD19+ B cells than male and female students without use of oral contraceptives. The results suggest that academic examination stress induces changes in the distribution of PBMC, which indicate immune activation and which are probably orchestrated by a stress-induced production of cytokines.
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.