Experimental Models of Stress and Pain: Do They Help to Develop New Therapies?Bradesi S. · Mayer E.A.
UCLA Center for Neurobiology of Stress, Departments of Medicine, Physiology and Psychiatry, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, and VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, Calif., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
The majority of functional gastrointestinal disorders are characterised by recurrent abdominal pain, with stress playing an important role in first onset and exacerbation of existing symptoms. These disorders are currently defined by symptom criteria, while their pathophysiology remains controversial and incompletely understood. Modeling these disorders in humans and animals has been difficult. While some of the models have adequate face and construct validity, the predictive validity of most of the models has been disappointing, which has put into question the traditional modeling approach. Similar problems have been encountered in drug development for pain and psychiatric disorders. New approaches have been proposed in the form of reverse translation, which include better characterisation of biological intermediate phenotypes in human disease which can be modeled in humans and in animals. Continuation of the current approach focusing on complex clinical phenotypes is likely to be ineffective for the development of novel and effect treatments.
© 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.