The Influence of Drinking Pattern, at Individual and Aggregate Levels, on Alcohol-Related Negative ConsequencesAstudillo M.a · Kuntsche S.a · Graham K.c · Gmel G.a, b
aSwiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, and bAlcohol Treatment Center, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland; cCenter for Addiction and Mental Health, London Ont., Canada
Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems
PO Box 870
CH–1001 Lausanne (Switzerland)
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Aim: To determine the extent drinking patterns (at the individual and country level) are associated with alcohol-related consequences over and above the total alcohol the person consumes. Methods: Hierarchical linear models were estimated based on general population surveys conducted in 18 countries participating in the GENACIS project. Results: In general, the positive association between drinking pattern scores and alcohol-related consequences was found at both the individual and country levels, independent of volume of drinking. In addition, a significant interaction effect indicated that the more detrimental the country’s drinking pattern, the less steep the association between the volume of drinking and its consequences. Conclusion: Drinking patterns have an independent impact on consequences over and above the relationship between volume and consequences.
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