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Original Paper

A Comparison of the Short-Term Outcome in Patients with Acute Low-Tone Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Morita S. · Suzuki M. · Iizuka K.

Author affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology, Kushiro City General Hospital, Kushiro, Japan

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ORL 2010;72:295–299

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: January 15, 2010
Accepted: April 21, 2010
Published online: September 01, 2010
Issue release date: October 2010

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0301-1569 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0275 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORL

Abstract

Purpose of the Study: We aimed to compare the short-term outcome of patients with acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL) treated with steroid alone, diuretics alone or combination treatment. Procedures: Between April 2000 and March 2009, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 156 patients with a diagnosis of ALHL. All patients were followed up until improvement or for 8 weeks from the initial examination. Patients were treated with steroid alone (n = 49), diuretics alone (n = 40), combination treatment (n = 46) or they received neither steroid nor diuretics (n = 21). Results: The steroid-diuretic combination therapy for ALHL showed significantly better results than the steroid or diuretic treatments alone (p < 0.05). There were no clinically significant differences in the outcome between the steroid- and diuretic-alone treatments. Conclusion and Message: The etiology of ALHL is described as both an endolymphatic hydrops and an autoimmunological mechanism so that, as expected, the steroid-diuretic combination therapy was more effective than the steroid or diuretic treatments alone.

© 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: January 15, 2010
Accepted: April 21, 2010
Published online: September 01, 2010
Issue release date: October 2010

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0301-1569 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0275 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORL


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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