Cytochrome P450 2C19 Polymorphism, Suboptimal Reperfusion and All-Cause Mortality in Patients with Acute Myocardial InfarctionMałek Ł.A.a · Przyłuski J.a · Śpiewak M.b · Kłopotowski M.a · Kostrzewa G.c · Kruk M.b · Płoski R.c · Witkowski A.a · Rużyłło W.d
Departments of aInterventional Cardiology and Angiology, and bCoronary Artery Disease and Structural Heart Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, cDepartment of Medical Genetics, Centre of Biostructure, Medical University of Warsaw, and dInstitute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Objectives: To determine whether the 681 G>A (*2) polymorphism of cytochrome P450 (CYP2C19) is related to suboptimal reperfusion and mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) pretreated with clopidogrel. Methods: Thestudy included 276 consecutive patients with AMI in whom percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting was attempted. Four-year follow-up for all-cause mortality was obtained. Results: There were 15 failed procedures (5.4%). In the remaining 261 patients, suboptimal reperfusion (post-PCI TIMI flow <3) was observed in 12.6% of the cases. There were 56 carriers (50 heterozygous and 6 homozygous) of CYP2C19*2. The prevalence of carriers in patients with suboptimal flow was 39.4% in comparison to 18.9% in the other patients (p = 0.01). Independent predictors of suboptimal reperfusion were initial TIMI flow ≤1 (OR = 5.9, 95% CI 2.2–16.2, p = 0.001) and CYP2C19*2 (OR = 2.9, 95% CI 1.3–6.6, p = 0.01). Thirty patients died during follow-up (11.5%). Four-year mortality tended to be higher in carriers of CYP2C19*2 (17.9%) versus non-carriers (9.8%; p = 0.09), but the only independent predictors of death were age (HR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.4–2.8, p = 0.0001) and suboptimal reperfusion (HR = 3.6, 95% CI 1.5–8.8, p = 0.004). Conclusions: The CYP2C19*2 allele is an independent predictor of suboptimal reperfusion in patients with AMI undergoing PCI with stenting after pretreatment with clopidogrel and may increase the risk of all-cause mortality.
© 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.