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Topical Applications and the Mucosa

Editor(s): Surber C. (Basel) 
Elsner P. (Jena) 
Farage M.A. (Cincinnati, Ohio) 
Cover

Section III: Consumer Products and Mucosal Membranes

Oral Care

Hitz Lindenmüller I. · Lambrecht J.T.

Author affiliations

Clinic for Oral Surgery, Oral Radiology and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Basel University, Basel, Switzerland

Related Articles for ""

Surber C, Elsner P, Farage MA (eds): Topical Applications and the Mucosa. Curr Probl Dermatol. Basel, Karger, 2011, vol 40, pp 107–115

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Section III: Consumer Products and Mucosal Membranes

Published online: February 10, 2011
Cover Date: 2011

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9615-2 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9 (Online)

Abstract

Adequate dental and oral hygiene may become a challenge for all users and especially for elderly people and young children because of their limited motor skills. The same holds true for patients undergoing/recovering from chemo-/radiotherapy with accompanying sensitive mucosal conditions. Poor dental hygiene can result in tooth decay, gingivitis, periodontitis, tooth loss, bad breath (halitosis), fungal infection and gum diseases. The use of a toothbrush is the most important measure for oral hygiene. Toothbrushes with soft bristles operated carefully by hand or via an electric device help to remove plaque and to avoid mucosal trauma. A handlebar with a grip cover can be helpful for manually disabled patients or for those with reduced motor skills. In case of oral hygiene at the bedside or of patients during/after chemo-/radiotherapy a gauze pad can be helpful for gently cleaning the teeth, gums and tongue. The use of fluoride toothpaste is imperative for the daily oral hygiene. Detergents such as sodium lauryl sulphate improve the cleaning action but may also dehydrate and irritate the mucous membrane. The use of products containing detergents and flavouring agents (peppermint, menthol, cinnamon) should therefore be avoided by bedridden patients or those with dry mouth and sensitive mucosa. Aids for suitable interdental cleaning, such as dental floss, interdental brushes or dental sticks, are often complicated to operate. Their correct use should be instructed by healthcare professionals. To support dental care, additional fluoridation with a fluoride gel or rinse can be useful. Products further containing antiseptics such as chlorhexidine or triclosan reduce the quantity of bacteria in the mouth. For patients undergoing or having undergone radio-/chemotherapy, a mouthwash that concomitantly moisturizes the oral mucosa is advisable.

© 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Section III: Consumer Products and Mucosal Membranes

Published online: February 10, 2011
Cover Date: 2011

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9615-2 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9 (Online)


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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