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Original Paper

Generalized Expectancies for Negative Mood Regulation and Major Depressive Disorder: The Role of Previous Depressive Episodes and Comorbid Mental Disorders

Pfeiffer N.a · Kaemmerer A.a · Mearns J.c · Catanzaro S.J.d · Backenstrass M.b

Author affiliations

aDepartment of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, and bClinic for General Adult Psychiatry, University Hospital of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; cDepartment of Psychology, California State University, Fullerton, Calif., and dDepartment of Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, Ill., USA

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Psychopathology 2011;44:152–157

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: February 09, 2010
Accepted: October 26, 2010
Published online: March 07, 2011
Issue release date: April 2011

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/PSP

Abstract

Background: Generalized expectancies for negative mood regulation (NMR) have important consequences for the ability to regulate negative mood. This study tests two resulting hypotheses. NMR expectancies should correlate with the number of previous depressive episodes. Furthermore, there should be a correlation between NMR expectancies and the number of DSM-IV axis I disorders comorbid to depression. In order to test these hypotheses with an efficient instrument, this article presents the NMR-SF as a short form of the NMR Scale. Methods: During inpatient treatment, a sample of 40 depressed patients was interviewed by a clinical psychologist with the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV to assess the number of previous depressive episodes as well as the number of axis I comorbidities. Patients completed the NMR-SF to measure NMR expectancies. Additionally, a nonclinical sample of 560 participants completed the NMR-SF to test its reliability and validity. Results: The findings indicate that the NMR-SF is reliable and valid. In the clinical sample, NMR expectancies did not correlate significantly with the number of previous depressive episodes. There was a significant correlation between NMR expectancies and the number of comorbid mental disorders. Conclusion: Previous depressive episodes do not seem to result in lower NMR expectancies. The findings are in line with the hypothesis that NMR expectancies are involved in the etiology of mental disorders comorbid to depression.

© 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: February 09, 2010
Accepted: October 26, 2010
Published online: March 07, 2011
Issue release date: April 2011

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/PSP


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