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Vis-à-Vis in the NKC: Genetically Linked Natural Killer Cell Receptor/Ligand Pairs in the Natural Killer Gene Complex (NKC)

Vogler I. · Steinle A.

Author affiliations

Institute for Molecular Medicine, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Corresponding Author

Dr. Alexander Steinle

Institute for Molecular Medicine, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main

Theodor-Stern-Kai 7

DE–60590 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

Tel. +49 69 6301 3700, E-Mail Alexander.Steinle@kgu.de

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J Innate Immun 2011;3:227–235

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Abstract

The natural killer gene complex (NKC) encodes several dozens of C-type lectin-like receptors that, in various ways, tune the reactivity of NK cells and other cytotoxic lymphocytes depending on the cellular environment. Among these are C-type lectin-like receptors such as NKG2D, CD94/NKG2A and the murine Ly49 receptors that bind to cell surface glycoproteins of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I family and thereby facilitate detection of stressed cells or cells exhibiting aberrant MHC class I expression. In contrast, NKRP1 receptors including the prototypic NK1.1 do not engage ligands with an MHC class-I-like fold, but rather interact with the likewise C-type lectin-like CLEC2 glycoproteins. Notably, CLEC2 and NKRP1 molecules not only share the same fold, but are also genetically linked in the NKC. Recent research efforts began to systematically elucidate the expression and function of the numerous NKRP1 and CLEC2 family members in rodents and revealed previously unnoticed corresponding receptor/ligand pairs in humans. Here, we provide a snapshot of the current knowledge on receptors of the NKRP1 family and their genetically linked CLEC2 ligands in mouse and man.

© 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review

Received: November 24, 2010
Accepted: January 06, 2011
Published online: March 22, 2011
Issue release date: April 2011

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1662-811X (Print)
eISSN: 1662-8128 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/JIN


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