Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot your password?

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login
(Shibboleth or Open Athens)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Original Paper

Free Access

Depletion of Plasma Gelsolin in Patients with Tick-Borne Encephalitis and Lyme Neuroborreliosis

Kułakowska A.a · Zajkowska J.M.b · Ciccarelli N.J.d · Mroczko B.c · Drozdowski W.a · Bucki R.d

Author affiliations

Departments of aNeurology, bInfectious Diseases and Neuroinfections and cBiochemical Diagnostics, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland; dInstitute for Medicine and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., USA

Corresponding Author

Robert Bucki

Institute for Medicine and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania

1010 Vagelos Research Laboratories, 3340 Smith Walk

Philadelphia, PA 19104 (USA)

Tel. +1 215 573 9787, E-Mail buckirob@mail.med.upenn.edu

Related Articles for ""

Neurodegenerative Dis 2011;8:375–380

Do you have an account?

Login Information

Contact Information

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.


Background/Aims: Cell damage during the course of inflammation results in cytoplasmic actin release, which if not eliminated by the extracellular actin scavenger system, composed of gelsolin and vitamin D binding protein, can cause dysfunction of hemostasis and toxicity towards surrounding cells. In this study, we test the hypothesis that an inflammatory reaction induced by central nervous system infections such as tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) or Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) will result in plasma gelsolin concentration changes in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Methods: Quantitative Western blot was used to determine gelsolin levels in 58 samples, which include: 29 patients without infection (diagnosed with conditions such as idiopathic cephalalgia, idiopathic Bell’s facial nerve palsy and ischialgia due to discopathy in which standard CSF diagnostic tests show no abnormalities), 12 patients diagnosed with TBE, and 17 patients diagnosed with LNB sub forma meningitis. Results and Conclusion: The gelsolin concentration in the blood of patients with TBE (163.2 ± 80.8 µg/ml) and LNB (113.6 ± 56.8 µg/ml) was significantly lower (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively) compared to the control group (226.3 ± 100.7 µg/ml). Furthermore, there was no statistically significant difference between the CSF gelsolin concentration in patients with TBE (3.9 ± 3.3 µg/ml), LNB (2.9 ± 1.2 µg/ml) and the control group (3.7 ± 3.3 µg/ml). An observed decrease in gelsolin concentration in the blood of TBE and LNB patients supports previous findings indicating the involvement of gelsolin in the pathophysiology of an inflammatory response. Therefore, evaluation of blood gelsolin concentration and administration of recombinant plasma gelsolin might provide a new tool to develop diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for TBE and LNB.

© 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: September 28, 2010
Accepted: January 13, 2011
Published online: March 10, 2011
Issue release date: June 2011

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1660-2854 (Print)
eISSN: 1660-2862 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NDD

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.