Original Research Article
Effects of Subcortical Vascular Ischemic Dementia and Aging on Negative and Neutral Word List LearningBillino J.a · Luerssen J.b · von Renteln-Kruse W.c · Mühlhan C.d · Rösler A.c
aInstitute of Psychology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, and bInstitute of Radiology, St. Georg Hospital, cAlbertinen-Haus, Center of Geriatrics, University of Hamburg and dInstitute of Psychology, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
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Background: Subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) represents an important subgroup of vascular dementia. Besides characteristic cognitive deficits, particular emotional problems support the diagnosis. Emotional disturbances in SIVD are not well understood. Method: We studied the performance of SIVD patients, healthy young control persons and old control persons in an emotional word list learning task. Results: SIVD patients showed lower memory performance than both control groups for neutral as well as for negative words. However, we found a significant emotional memory advantage for negative words in all 3 diagnostic groups. Conclusion: SIVD patients are able to profit from emotional information in order to enhance their memory performance.
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