Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot your password?

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login
(Shibboleth or Open Athens)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Original Article · Originalarbeit

Free Access

A Randomized Phase II Study of Drug-Eluting Beads versus Transarterial Chemoembolization for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

van Malenstein H.a · Maleux G.b · Vandecaveye V.b · Heye S.b · Laleman W.a · van Pelt J.a · Vaninbroukx J.b · Nevens F.a · Verslype C.a

Author affiliations

a Department of Hepatology, b Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium

Corresponding Author

Geert Maleux, University Hospital Leuven, Department of Radiology, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium, Tel. +32 163437-82, Fax -65, geert.maleux@uzleuven.be

Related Articles for ""

Onkologie 2011;34:368–376

Do you have an account?

Login Information

Contact Information

By signing up for MyKarger you will automatically participate in our year-End raffle.
If you Then Do Not wish To participate, please uncheck the following box.

Yes, I wish To participate In the year-End raffle And Get the chance To win some Of our most interesting books, And other attractive prizes.

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.


Background: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the standard treatment in selected patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Drug-eluting particles are developed to reduce side effects and improve efficacy. We present safety data of a prospective randomized phase II study with doxorubicin-eluting superabsorbent polymer (SAP) microspheres. Material and Methods: We prospectively included 30 HCC patients with different Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stages (A = 3, B = 19, C = 8) and randomly assigned them to receive conventional TACE (n = 14) (control group) or doxorubicin-eluting SAP microspheres (n = 16). The doxorubicin plasma level was assessed at different time points, biochemical analysis was performed, and side effects were reported following the Common Toxicity Criteria. Tumor response was assessed at 6 weeks according to the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria. Results: There was a significantly lower plasma peak concentration (Cmax) of doxorubicin and smaller area under the curve (AUC) with SAP microspheres (mean Cmax 495 ± 293.9 ng/ml, mean AUC 69.7 ± 26.9 ng/ml min) compared to controls (mean Cmax 1,928 ± 560.8 ng/ml, mean AUC 165 ± 32.3 ng/ml/min; both p < 0.001). Furthermore, there were less grade 3 and no grade 4 adverse events in the SAP microsphere group. Tumor response was comparable between the groups. Conclusions: TACE with SAP microspheres leads to low plasma levels of the cytotoxic drug and therefore minimizes toxicity compared to conventional TACE.

© 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Article &#x00B7; Originalarbeit

Published online: June 21, 2011
Issue release date: July 2011

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/ORT

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.