Expression of Arachidonate Metabolism Enzymes and Receptors in Nasal Polyps of Aspirin-Hypersensitive AsthmaticsAdamusiak A.M.a · Stasikowska-Kanicka O.c · Lewandowska-Polak A.b · Danilewicz M.c · Wagrowska-Danilewicz M.c · Jankowski A.d · Kowalski M.L.b · Pawliczak R.a
Departments of aAllergology, Immunology and Dermatology, bClinical Immunology and Microbiology, cPathomorphology and dOtolaryngology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
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Article / Publication Details
Background: The pathogenesis of rhinosinusitis in aspirin-exacerbated airway disease is closely linked to the disequilibrium in arachidonic acid metabolism. Although considerable amounts of data concerning impaired eicosanoid production are available, the precise mechanism and pathogenesis of the disease are still unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of enzymes belonging to the arachidonic acid cascade and receptors for arachidonate derivative metabolites in nasal polyps from aspirin- hypersensitive (AH) and aspirin-tolerant (AT) patients with rhinosinusitis. Methods: Cells expressing cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT) receptors (CysLT1 and CysLT2), arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase, leukotriene B4 receptor type 1, E-prostanoid receptors (EP2 and EP4), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 were detected by immunocytochemistry in nasal polyps obtained from 10 AH patients and 18 AT patients. Results: There was a significantly higher density of cells expressing CysLT1 and CysLT2 receptors in nasal polyps from AH patients than from AT patients (p < 0.001). In contrast, the density of cells expressing EP2 receptor and COX-2 was significantly lower in AH patients than in AT patients (p < 0.02). The number of COX-2-positive epithelial cells was significantly reduced in AH polyps (p < 0.04). Conclusions: The elevated number of nasal polyp cells expressing CysLT receptors and lack of cells expressing EP2 receptor and COX-2 may be related to a more severe course of hyperplastic rhinosinusitis in aspirin hypersensitivity.
© 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel
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