Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity and its Associations with Hypertension, Diabetes, Dyslipidemia, and Metabolic Syndrome: A Survey in the Suburban Area of Beijing, 2007Zhang L.a,c · Zhang W.-H.b · Zhang L.a · Wang P.-Y.c
a Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Epidemiology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing, b Department of Basic Medicine, Nursing College, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, c Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China
Pei-Yu Wang, Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University, No.38, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, 100191Beijing, China, Tel./Fax +86 10 8280 2502, email@example.com
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Objective: This study aims to estimate the up-to-date prevalence of overweight/obesity in the suburban area of Beijing, China, and its associations with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Methods: A cross-sectional survey in 19,003 suburban adults was carried out in Beijing, 2007. Overweight and obesity class 1, 2, and 3 were defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 25.0–29.9, 30.0–34.9, 35.0–39.9, and = 40 kg/m2, respectively. Results: The age-standardized prevalence of overweight/obesity was 31.9% in the study. With increasing BMI, the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and MetS also increased. With normal body weight as reference, the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of hypertension for overweight and obesity class 1–3 was 2.5 (2.2–2.7), 3.1 (2.8–3.4), 3.6 (3.1–4.3), and 4.5 (4.0–5.2), respectively. The same trend was observed for diabetes and MetS. For dyslipidemia, however, participants with obesity class 2 had the highest odds ratio. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and MetS increases with increasing BMI. Overweight/obesity is an important risk factor for these diseases. To reduce the social burden of these obesity-related diseases, effective strategies for the prevention of overweight/obesity should be implemented.
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