Clinical Translational Research
Characteristic Genes in Luminal Subtype Breast Tumors with CD44+CD24–/Low Gene Expression SignatureTsunoda Y.a, c · Sakamoto M.a, c · Sawada T.a · Sasaki A.b · Yamamoto G.b · Tachikawa T.b
Departments of aBreast Surgery and bDental Pathology, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, and cBreast Center, Kameda Medical Center, Kamogawa, Japan
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Objective: Breast cancer cells with CD44+CD24–/low gene expression signature have been suggested to have stem cell-like tumor-initiating properties. The purpose of this study is to clarify the gene expression profiling of cells with CD44+CD24–/low gene expression signature in the luminal subtype. Methods: Laser capture microdissection was used to select the isolation of cancer cells in 35 frozen tissues of breast cancer, and RNA extracted from these cells was examined by real-time RT-PCR to quantify CD44 and CD24 expressions. Human stem cell RT2 Profiler PCR Array was used for gene expression analysis in the groups of CD44+CD24–/low and CD44+CD24+ gene expression signature. Results: Thirty-five tumors were divided into 3 groups. Group A was composed of the CD44+CD24–/low type, in which the ratio of CD44/CD24 was >10.0. Group B was composed of the CD44+CD24+ type, in which the ratio was >0.1 and ≤10.0. In group C, composed of the CD44–/lowCD24+ type, the ratio was <0.1. The number of tumors in groups A, B, and C were 5, 28, and 2, respectively. Regarding the correlation of CD44/CD24 status with tumor characteristics, the tumors of group A were significantly associated with axillary lymph node metastasis compared with those of group B (p = 0.033). There were no significant differences in tumor size, nuclear grade, or HER2 status between the two groups. According to signaling pathways, the number of expression genes for the Notch pathway in group A was significantly greater than in group B (p = 0.028). Overexpressed genes for ALDH1 (p = 0.021) and SOX2 (p = 0.018) were noted in group A compared to group B. Conclusion: This study suggests that the Notch pathway may be an important signaling pathway in luminal subtype with CD44+CD24–/low gene expression signature. In addition, either ALDH1 or SOX2 may be a candidate marker for cancer stem cells in luminal subtype breast cancer.
© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.