Recognition of Face Identity and Emotion in Expressive Specific Language ImpairmentMerkenschlager A.a · Amorosa H.c · Kiefl H.b · Martinius J.d
aKlinik und Poliklinik für Kinder und Jugendliche, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, bInstitutsambulanz für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Weiden/Oberpfalz, cHeckscher Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Abteilung für teilleistungs- und verhaltensgestörte Kinder, und dInstitut und Poliklinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Deutschland
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Objective: To study face and emotion recognition in children with mostly expressive specific language impairment (SLI-E). Subjects and Methods: A test movie to study perception and recognition of faces and mimic-gestural expression was applied to 24 children diagnosed as suffering from SLI-E and an age-matched control group of normally developing children. Results: Compared to a normal control group, the SLI-E children scored significantly worse in both the face and expression recognition tasks with a preponderant effect on emotion recognition. The performance of the SLI-E group could not be explained by reduced attention during the test session. Conclusion: We conclude that SLI-E is associated with a deficiency in decoding non-verbal emotional facial and gestural information, which might lead to profound and persistent problems in social interaction and development.
© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
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