Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.



Login with Facebook

Forgot your password?

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login
(Shibboleth or Open Athens)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Handbook of Clinical Gender Medicine

Editor(s): Schenck-Gustafsson K. (Stockholm) 
DeCola P.R. (New York, N.Y.) 
Pfaff D.W. (New York, N.Y.) 
Pisetsky D.S. (Durham, N.C.) 
Cover

Social and Biological Determinants in Health and Disease

A Global War against Baby Girls: Sex-Selective Abortion Becomes a Worldwide Practice

Eberstadt N.N.

Author affiliations

American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C., USA

Related Articles for ""

Schenck-Gustafsson K, DeCola PR, Pfaff DW, Pisetsky DS (eds): Handbook of Clinical Gender Medicine. Basel, Karger, 2012, pp 18–36

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 38.00 *
EUR 35.00 *
USD 39.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Complete book

  • Immediate access to all parts of this book
  • Cover-to-cover formats may be available
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restriction for personal use
read more

Pricing depends on hard-cover price


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Social and Biological Determinants in Health and Disease

Published online: August 13, 2012
Cover Date: 2012

Number of Print Pages: 19
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 5

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9929-0 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9930-6 (Online)

Abstract

Over the past three decades the world has come to witness an ominous and entirely new form of gender discrimination: sex-selective feticide, implemented through the practice of surgical abortion with the assistance of information gained through prenatal gender determination technology. All around the world, the victims of this new practice are overwhelmingly female – in fact, almost universally female. The practice has become so ruthlessly routine in many contemporary societies that it has impacted their very population structures, warping the balance between male and female births and consequently skewing the sex ratios for the rising generation toward a biologically unnatural excess of males. This still-growing international predilection for sex-selective abortion is by now evident in the demographic contours of dozens of countries around the globe – and it is sufficiently severe that it has come to alter the overall sex ratio at birth of the entire planet, resulting in millions upon millions of new ‘missing baby girls’ each year. In terms of its sheer toll in human numbers, sex-selective abortion has assumed a scale tantamount to a global war against baby girls.

© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel


References

  1. James WH: The human sex ratio. 1. A review of the literature. Hum Biol 1987;59:721-722
  2. James WH: The human sex ratio. 2. A hypothesis and a program of research. Hum Biol 1987;59:873-900
  3. Teitelbaum MS, Mantel N, Stark CR, et al: Limited dependence of the human sex ratio on birth order and parental ages. Am J Hum Genet 1971;23:253-270
  4. Aird J: Slaughter of the Innocents: Coercive Birth Control in China. Washington, AEI Press, 1990;
  5. Greenhalgh S: Just One Child: Science and Policy in Deng's China. Berkeley, University of California Press, 2008;
  6. Johansson S, Nygren O: The missing girls in China: a new demographic account. Popul Dev Rev 1991;17:35-51
  7. National Bureau of Statistics of China: Press release on major figures of the 2010 national population census. 2011. http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/newsandcomingevents/t20110428_402722237.htm (accessed May 1,2011)
  8. Goodkind D: Child underreporting, fertility, and sex ratio imbalance in China. Demography 2011;48:291-316
  9. Shuzhuo Li: Imbalanced sex ratio at birth and comprehensive intervention in China. 4th Asia Pac Conf on Reprod and Sex Health and Rights, Hyderabad, 2007;
  10. Guilmoto C, Oliveau S: Sex ratio imbalances among children at micro-level: China and India compared. Popul Assoc of America 2007 Annu Meet, New York, 2007;
  11. Oster E: Hepatitis B and the case of the missing women. J Polit Econ 2005;113:1163-1216
  12. United States Census Bureau International Data Base. http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/ (accessed May 1,2011)
  13. Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/index.htm (accessed May 1,2011)
  14. Chen Y, Li H, Meng L: Prenatal sex selection and missing girls in China: evidence from the diffusion of diagnostic ultrasound. 2011;http://nthu.hccg.org.tw/big5/down/%E5%AD%9F%E5%B6%BA%E7%94%9F.pdf
  15. Lutz W, Goujon A, KC S, et al: Reconstruction of population by age, sex and level of educational attainment of 120 countries for 1970-2000. Vienna Yearb Popul Res 2007;193-235
  16. China 1982 population census data assembly. http://chinadataonline.org/member/census1982 (accessed May 1,2011)
  17. China 1990 population census data assembly. http://chinadataonline.org/member/census1990/ybListDetail.asp?ID=1 (accessed May 1,2011)
  18. All China Marketing Research: China census 2000. http://chinadataonline.org/member/census2000/
  19. China 1982 ten-percent inter-censal survey. http://chinadataonline.org/member/census1982s/ybListDetail.asp?ID=1
  20. China 2005 one-percent inter-censal survey. http://chinadataonline.org/member/census2005/ (accessed May 1,2011)
  21. Maddison A: Historical statistics for the world economy: 1-2008 AD. http://www.ggdc.net/maddison/ (accessed May 1,2011)
  22. World Bank: China quarterly update. 2008. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCHINA/Resources/318862-121421293578/cqu_jan_08_en.pdf (accessed May 1,2011)
  23. Hemminki E, Wu Z, Cao G, et al: Illegal births and legal abortions: the case of China. Reprod Health 2005;2:5
  24. China bans selective abortion to fix imbalance. China Daily, July 16,2004. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-07/16/content_349051.htm (accessed January 30,2012)
  25. Park CB, Cho NH: Consequences of son preference in a low-fertility society: imbalance of the sex ratio at birth in Korea. Popul Dev Rev 1995;21:59-84
  26. Statistics Korea: Birth statistics, 2009. http://kostat.go.kr/portal/english (accessed August 25,2010)
  27. Guilmoto C, Hoang X, Van TN: Recent increase in sex ratio at birth in Viet Nam. PLoS One 2008;4:e4624
  28. Guilmoto C: Sex Ratio at Birth-Imbalances in Viet Nam Hanoi, UNFPA, 2010;
  29. Vishwanath LW: Female Infanticide and Social Structure New Delhi, Hindustan, 2000;
  30. Guilmoto C: The sex ratio transition in Asia. Popul Dev Rev 2009;35:519-549
  31. Census of India: Sex ratio of total population and child population in the age group 0-6 and 7+ years: 2001 and 2011. http://censusindia.gov.in/ (accessed May 1,2011)
  32. Donahue D: Surprising sex ratios in the South Caucasus: son preference in the former Soviet states of Armenia, Azerbaijian, and Georgia. Conf of the Popul Assoc of America, Minneapolis, 2003;
  33. Mesle F, Vallin J, Badurashvili I: A sharp increase in sex ratio at birth in the Caucasus. Why? How? in (eds) Attane I, Guilmoto CZ: Watering the Neighbour's Garden: the Growing Demographic Female Deficit in Asia Paris, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research and Demography, 2007;
  34. Almond D, Edlund L: Son-based sex ratios in the 2000 United States Census. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2008;105:5681-5682
  35. Dubuc S, Coleman D: An increase in the sex ratio of births to India-born mothers in England and Wales: evidence for sex-selective abortion. Popul Dev Rev 2007;33:383-400
  36. Hesketh T, Xing ZW: Abnormal sex ratios in human populations: causes and consequences. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2006;103:13271-13275
  37. Profamy: Software for family household projection. http://www.profamy.com/
  38. Yi Z, Wang Z, Leiwen J, et al: Projection of family households and elderly living arrangement in the context of rapid population aging in China – a demographic window of opportunity until 2030 and serious challenges thereafter. Genus 2008;64:9-36
  39. Wood R, Goesling B, Avellar S: The effects of marriage on health: a synthesis of recent research evidence. 2007;http://njwedding.org/business/report_marriage_on_health.pdf
  40. Becker G, Posner R: Uncommon Sense: Economic Insights from Marriage to Terrorism. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2009;
  41. Hvistendahl M: Unnatural Selection New York, Public Affairs, 2011;
  42. Hudson V, den Boer AM: Bare Branches: the Security Implications of Asia's Surplus Male Population Cambridge, MIT Press, 2004;
  43. Measure DHS: Demographic and health surveys. http://www.measuredhs.com
  44. WHO 2008 life tables: computed for the World Health Organization: World Health Statistics 2010 Geneva, WHO, 2010;
  45. Chung W, Gupta MD: The decline of son preference in South Korea: the roles of development and public policy. Popul Dev Rev 2007;33:757-783
  46. Lavely, W: First impressions of the 2000 census of China. http://csde.washington.edu/pubs/wps/01-13.pdf (accessed October 15,2002)
  47. United Nations Statistics Division, Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat: Demographic Yearbook 2008 — World Population Prospects: the 2010 Revision. http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/index.htm (accessed May 09,2011)

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Social and Biological Determinants in Health and Disease

Published online: August 13, 2012
Cover Date: 2012

Number of Print Pages: 19
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 5

ISBN: 978-3-8055-9929-0 (Print)
eISBN: 978-3-8055-9930-6 (Online)


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.