Original Research Article
The Reliability and Validity of the Mini-Mental State Examination in the Elderly Croatian PopulationBoban M.a,b · Malojčić B.a,b · Mimica N.b,c · Vuković S.b · Zrilić I.b · Hof P.R.e · Šimić G.b,d
aDepartment of Cognitive Neurology, University Hospital Centre, bSchool of Medicine, University of Zagreb, cUniversity Psychiatric Hospital Vrapče, and dCroatian Institute for Brain Research, Zagreb, Croatia; eMount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, N.Y., USA
Marina Boban, MD, PhD
University Department of Cognitive Neurology
Zagreb School of Medicine and University Hospital Centre
Kišpatićeva 12, HR–10000 Zagreb (Croatia)
Tel. +385 91 539 5594, E-Mail email@example.com
Do you have an account?
Aim: The aim of this study was standardization and validation of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in the general Croatian aging population. Methods: Three-hundred and forty-four participants underwent the MMSE test, 217 cognitively healthy subjects without neurological and psychiatric disorders and 127 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia. Results: The optimal cutoff point for screening of the general Croatian population (cognitively healthy vs. MCI and dementia) is 26/27; in the Croatian population aged ≥65 years, the cutoff point is 24/25, whereas for screening of highly educated persons (≥14 years of education) aged ≥65 years a higher cutoff point should be used (26/27). Conclusions: MMSE results when standardized and validated in a certain population might better contribute to recognition of the individuals at risk that should be directed to dementia outpatient clinics.
© 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.