Original Research Article
Efficacy of Short-Term Inpatient Rehabilitation for Dementia Patients and Caregivers: Prospective Cohort StudySchiffczyk C.a · Romero B.b, c · Jonas C.a · Lahmeyer C.a · Müller F.b · Riepe M.W.a
aDivision of Mental Health and Old Age Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy II, Ulm University, Ulm, bAlzheimer Therapiezentrum Bad Aibling, Bad Aibling, and cPrivate Practice, Berlin, Germany
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Background/Aims: The efficacy of nonpharmacological and multicomponent treatments in patients with dementia is under discussion, as is the ongoing debate which endpoints best measure efficacy. Methods: 194 dyads of dementia patients and their proxies interested in a combined short-term inpatient rehabilitative treatment were assessed in the patients' homes. Results: Analysis showed that cognition in male patients (cognitive part of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale: p = 0.048) and depressive mood in female patients were improved after treatment at the 3-month follow-up (Geriatric Depression Scale: p = 0.030). Moreover, the burden on male caregivers was reduced (behavioral pathology in Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale: p = 0.002) at 3 months. Conclusion: Combined short-term rehabilitative treatment of patients and psychosocial intervention for caregivers is modestly effective in patients with dementia and their caregivers, but may be subject to gender-specific effects.
© 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel
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