World Health Organization Approaches for Surveys of Health Behaviour among Schoolchildren and for Health-Promoting SchoolsHonkala S.
Department of Developmental and Preventive Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Health Sciences Centre, Kuwait University, Jabriya, Kuwait
Assoc. Prof. Sisko Honkala
Department of Developmental and Preventive Sciences
Faculty of Dentistry, Health Sciences Centre, Kuwait University
PO Box 24923, Jabriya, Safat 13110 (Kuwait)
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Adolescents make up about one-sixth of the world's population. Most of the healthy and detrimental habits are adopted during childhood and adolescence. In the mid 1980s, a cross-national Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey was created to increase information about the well-being, health behaviours and social context of young people by using standard school-based questionnaires adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) European office. The European Network of Health-Promoting Schools (HPS) was commenced in 1992, followed by the establishment of the WHO Global School Health Initiative in 1995. The initiative aims to improve the health of students, school personnel, families and other members of the community through schools by mobilizing and strengthening health promotion and educational activities at local, national, regional and global levels. The HBSC and HPS programmes have been accepted as activity areas for the WHO Collaborating Centre for Primary Oral Health Care in Kuwait. This article describes the HBSC and the HPS programmes and discusses the importance of establishing these programmes in Kuwait.
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