Can Alcohol Dependent Patients Adhere to an ‘As-Needed' Medication Regimen?Sinclair J.a · Chick J.b · Sørensen P.c · Kiefer F.d · Batel P.e · Gual A.f
aClinical and Experimental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, and bHealth Sciences, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK; cH. Lundbeck A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; dDepartment of Addictive Behaviour and Addiction Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany; eDepartment of Psychiatry and Addictive Diseases, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; fNeurosciences Institute, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain
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Article / Publication Details
A pooled analysis of ‘as-needed medication use' data from 1,276 patients in two randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trials of nalmefene in the treatment of alcohol dependence was performed to explore whether an ‘as-needed' regimen is an acceptable and feasible strategy in patients seeking help for alcohol dependence. Adherence was defined as alcohol consumption and medication intake, or no alcohol consumption (with or without medication intake). Nalmefene was taken on approximately half of the study days; placebo was taken more often than nalmefene (52.8 vs. 64.5% of days, respectively). In each treatment group medication intake appeared to vary according to patients' needs in that intake correlated with the baseline drinking pattern. Sixty-eight percent of the nalmefene-treated patients (78% of the study completers) adhered to the as-needed treatment regimen on at least 80% of the study days. In conclusion, as-needed use is a feasible, patient-centred approach that engages patients with alcohol dependence in the active management of their illness.
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Article / Publication Details
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