Complicated and Uncomplicated Peptic Ulcer Disease: Altered Symptom Response to a Nutrient Challenge Linked to Gastric Motor DysfunctionGururatsakul M.a, b · Holloway R.H.a, b · Bellon M.c · Bartholomeusz D.b, c · Talley N.J.d · Holtmann G.J.b, e
aDepartment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, bDiscipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, and cDepartment of Nuclear Medicine, PET, and Bone Densitometry, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, S.A., dFaculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, N.S.W., and eDepartment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Qld., Australia
Keywords: Peptic ulcer diseaseComplicated peptic ulcerBleeding peptic ulcerGastric motor functionGastric emptying Uncomplicated peptic ulcerSymptomatic ulcerAsymptomatic ulcerDyspepsiaNutrient challenge testNon-painful peptic ulcer
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Background: Bleeding peptic ulcer (BPU) frequently occurs in the absence of preceding dyspeptic symptoms. We have observed that patients with BPU had a diminished symptom response to nutrient challenge test compared to uncomplicated peptic ulcer disease (uPUD). We postulated that more symptoms are manifest in patients with uPUD than BPU because there are greater derangements in gastric motor function. Aim: To assess gastric emptying in patients with BPU, uPUD and healthy controls (HC). Methods: We studied 17 patients with BPU, 10 with uPUD, and 15 HC. After an 8-hour fast, subjects ingested 200 ml of an enteral feeding solution, containing 5 MBq 99mTc-rhenium sulphide colloid, every 5 min up to a cumulative volume of 800 ml. Gastric emptying was measured by scintigraphy for the total, proximal and distal stomach. Results: Patients with uPUD had significantly higher gastric retention in the proximal and total stomach at 100 min than HC and BPU, while BPU had similar percent retention to HC. Patients with uPUD had significantly higher cumulative symptom response to the nutrient challenge than did HC and BPU, while BPU had similar symptom responses to HC. Conclusions: Patients with uPUD have significantly delayed gastric emptying compared to HC and BPU. Data suggest that in addition to alterations of visceral sensory function, altered gastric motor function occurs during a nutrient challenge in uPUD but not BPU. Gastric motor function may contribute to the manifestation of dyspeptic symptoms in PUD.
© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.