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The Effect of Early Catch-Up Growth on Health and Well-Being in Young Adults

van Dommelen P.a · van der Pal S.M.b · Bennebroek Gravenhorst J.b · Walther F.J.c · Wit J.M.c · van der Pal de Bruin K.M.b

Author affiliations

Departments of aLife Style and bChild Health, TNO, and cDepartment of Pediatrics, Willem Alexander Children's Hospital, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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Ann Nutr Metab 2014;65:220-226

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of  

Published online: November 18, 2014
Issue release date: November 2014

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Aim: To study the effect of catch-up growth in the 1st year on cognition, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), problem behavior and growth in young adults. Methods: We included individuals without severe complications and born small for gestational age (SGA; n = 228 for weight, n = 203 for length) or with a low head circumference (HC, n = 178) or a low weight adjusted for length (n = 64) in the Collaborative Project on Preterm and SGA Infants. Neonatal growth was standardized (standard deviation scores for gestational age, SDSGA) according to GA-specific reference charts. Catch-up growth was defined as SDSGA at 1 year of age adjusted for SDSGA at birth. Cognition was defined by the Multicultural Capacity Test-Intermediate Level, HRQoL by the London Handicap Scale (LHS) and the Health Utility Index Mark 3 categorized into 4 levels (Multi-Attribute Utility, MAU), and problem behavior by the Young Adult Self-Report. We adjusted for potential confounders. Results: Most adults were born preterm (93.7%). A higher catch-up growth in the 1st year was associated with better cognition (B = 2.57, 95% CI 0.08-5.05 for weight), less disabilities according to the LHS (B = 2.06, 95% CI 0.35-3.78 for HC) and the MAU (OR = 0.67, 95% CI 0.48-0.95 for HC) and higher final height (B = 0.33, 95% CI 0.18-0.47 for weight; B = 0.41, 95% 0.28-0.55 for length, and B = 0.18, 95% CI 0.04-0.33 for HC) in young adulthood. Conclusion: There are long-term benefits of catch-up growth.

© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of  

Published online: November 18, 2014
Issue release date: November 2014

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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