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Affects, Interoception and Psychopathology

Binding Action and Emotion in First-Episode Schizophrenia

Ferri F.a-d · Costantini M.a,c,d · Salone A.c, d · Ebisch S.c, d · De Berardis D.e, f · Mazzola V.h · Arciero G.g, i · Ferro F.M.e · Di Giannantonio M.c-e · Romani G.L.c, d · Gallese V.b

Author affiliations

aMind, Brain Imaging and Neuroethics, University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research, Ottawa, Ont., Canada; bDepartment of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, cDepartment of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences and dInstitute for Advanced Biomedical Technologies, University G. d'Annunzio, and eInstitute of Psychiatry, G. d'Annunzio University Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, fPsychiatric Service of Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Mental Health, Hospital G. Mazzini, National Health Service, Teramo, and gInstitute of Post-Rationalist Psychology, Rome, Italy; hSwiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, and iDepartment of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

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Psychopathology 2014;47:394-407

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Affects, Interoception and Psychopathology

Received: February 26, 2014
Accepted: July 24, 2014
Published online: September 30, 2014
Issue release date: November 2014

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP

Abstract

Background/Aims: Several components of social cognition are compromised in schizophrenia (SCZ) from the early stage of the illness. In this study we first investigated whether mirror neuron-driven embodied simulation (mnES) is altered in first-episode SCZ. Second, we tested whether emotional cues impact on the mnES in SCZ patients. Methods: Twenty-two SCZ patients and 22 healthy controls (HCs) observed goal-related actions in either a neutral or emotional context during functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning. Results: Observation of neutral action elicited a lower activity in the frontoparietal network in SCZ patients, as compared to HCs. Particularly, activation in the left inferior parietal lobule in response to the same condition negatively correlated with patients' self-experience disturbances. Moreover, observation of an action performed by an angry agent produced poorer neural activity in the right anterior insula in SCZ patients as compared to HCs. This difference was mostly due to the negative β-values shown by SCZ patients, which positively correlated with their empathy scores. No differences were found contingent upon the observation of an action performed by a happy agent. Conclusion: Our results show that emotional cues allow SCZ patients to partially recover mnES. However, their understanding of the emotional components of the actions of others will likely remain deficient.

© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Affects, Interoception and Psychopathology

Received: February 26, 2014
Accepted: July 24, 2014
Published online: September 30, 2014
Issue release date: November 2014

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


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