Fibrinogen Reduction and Bleeding Complications in Plasma Exchange, Immunoadsorption and a Combination of the TwoZöllner S.a · Pablik E.b · Druml W.a · Derfler K.a · Rees A.c · Biesenbach P.a
aInternal Medicine III/Clinical Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, bCenter for Medical Statistics, Informatics, and Intelligent Systems, and cClinical Institute of Pathology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Background: Immunoadsorption (IAS) and therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) are considered safe although fibrinogen is removed. To date no comparison of fibrinogen reduction and associated risk of bleeding in apheresis exists. Methods: Retrospective analysis of TPE, three IAS adsorbers, and combined TPE/IAS regarding fibrinogen reduction and bleeding incidence in 67 patients (1,032 treatments). Results: TPE and TPE/IAS reduced fibrinogen by 64 ± 11% and 58 ± 9%, leading to concentrations <100 mg/dl in 20 and 17% of treatments, respectively. IAS decreased fibrinogen less than TPE (26 ± 6%, p < 0.0001), resulting in fibrinogen concentrations <100 mg/dl in 1% of treatments. The processed volume correlated with reduction in TPE (r = 0.64, p < 0.01), but not in IAS. Bleeding occurred in 1.3% (IAS), 2.3% (TPE) and 3.1% (TPE/IAS) of treatments. Conclusion: Hypofibrinogenemia occurs in 20% of patients after TPE and TPE/IAS, but rarely after IAS. IAS removes fibrinogen independently of volume processed. Overall, bleeding is rare in apheresis.
© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.