Rodent Models and Imaging Techniques to Study Liver RegenerationWei W.a · Dirsch O.b · Lawson Mclean A.c · Zafarnia S.d · Schwier M.e · Dahmen U.a
aDepartment of General, Visceral and Vascular Surgery, and bInstitute of Pathology, Jena University Hospital, and cFaculty of Medicine, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, dDepartment of Experimental Molecular Imaging, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, and eFraunhofer Institute for Medical Image Computing MEVIS, Bremen, Germany
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Article / Publication Details
The liver has the unique capability of regeneration from various injuries. Different animal models and in vitro methods are used for studying the processes and mechanisms of liver regeneration. Animal models were established either by administration of hepatotoxic chemicals or by surgical approach. The administration of hepatotoxic chemicals results in the death of liver cells and in subsequent hepatic regeneration and tissue repair. Surgery includes partial hepatectomy and portal vein occlusion or diversion: hepatectomy leads to compensatory regeneration of the remnant liver lobe, whereas portal vein occlusion leads to atrophy of the ipsilateral lobe and to compensatory regeneration of the contralateral lobe. Adaptation of modern radiological imaging technologies to the small size of rodents made the visualization of rodent intrahepatic vascular anatomy possible. Advanced knowledge of the detailed intrahepatic 3D anatomy enabled the establishment of refined surgical techniques. The same technology allows the visualization of hepatic vascular regeneration. The development of modern histological image analysis tools improved the quantitative assessment of hepatic regeneration. Novel image analysis tools enable us to quantify reliably and reproducibly the proliferative rate of hepatocytes using whole-slide scans, thus reducing the sampling error. In this review, the refined rodent models and the newly developed imaging technology to study liver regeneration are summarized. This summary helps to integrate the current knowledge of liver regeneration and promises an enormous increase in hepatological knowledge in the near future. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel
© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel
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