Direct Spraying of Shakuyakukanzoto onto the Duodenal Papilla: A Novel Method for Preventing Pancreatitis following Endoscopic Retrograde CholangiopancreatographyFujinami H.a · Kajiura S.b · Ando T.b · Mihara H.b · Hosokawa A.b · Sugiyama T.b
aDepartment of Endoscopy, Toyama University Hospital, and bDepartment of Gastroenterology, University of Toyama, Toyama City, Japan
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Background/Aims: Topical epinephrine application to the duodenal papilla reduces spasm of the sphincter of Oddi and prevents acute pancreatitis following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Shakuyakukanzoto (TJ-68) has an inhibitory effect on muscle contraction. Therefore, TJ-68 potentially allows the relaxation of the sphincter of Oddi, which can aid in the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis. Methods: Thirty-six patients planned for ERCP were divided into TJ-68 (n = 17) and control groups (n = 19). In the TJ-68 group, the TJ-68 solution was endoscopically sprayed directly onto the duodenal papilla of patients. To assess the effects of TJ-68, serum amylase levels were measured at 1 h and 1 day after ERCP and symptoms were evaluated. Results: The serum amylase levels at 1 h after ERCP were 273.6 ± 212.0 IU/l in the TJ-68 group and 428.7 ± 281.6 IU/l in the control group, showing a statistically significant difference (p = 0.036). The serum amylase levels at 24 h after ERCP were 230.0 ± 182.7 IU/l in the TJ-68 group and 497.4 ± 514.0 IU/l in the control group (p = 0.011). Post-ERCP pancreatitis was observed in 0 and 4 patients (21.1%) in the TJ-68 and control groups, respectively, which was not statistically significant (p = 0.11). Conclusion: Direct TJ-68 solution application to the duodenal papilla significantly inhibited the elevation of serum amylase levels. However, the preventive effect regarding post-ERCP pancreatitis was not confirmed in this study.
© 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel
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